JavaScript Arrow functions and traditional functions ( Comparison )

Javascript Feb 8, 2023
JavaScript Arrow functions and traditional functions ( Comparation )

JavaScript arrow functions are a feature introduced in ES6 that allows you to create functions in a more concise way than traditional functions. They offer a clean syntax that makes code easier to read and maintain.


let myFunction = (arg1, arg2, ...argN) => {

or, if the function body has only one statement or expression:

let myFunction = (arg1, arg2, ...argN) => expression

Arrow Function Syntax

Arrow Function with No Arguments:

let greet = () => console.log('Hello');
greet(); // Hello

Arrow Function with One Argument:

let greet = x => console.log(x);
greet('Hello'); // Hello

Arrow Function as an Expression:

let age = 5;
let welcome = (age < 18) ?
  () => console.log('Baby') :
  () => console.log('Adult');
welcome(); // Baby

Multiline Arrow Functions:

let sum = (a, b) => {
  let result = a + b;
  return result;
let result1 = sum(5,7);
console.log(result1); // 12

Comparison Arrow functions and traditional functions

JavaScript code can be written using both arrow functions and conventional functions, but there are some significant distinctions between the two.

Arrow Functions:

  • Possess a shorthand syntax, which can help make code shorter.
  • Have a lexical this context, which means the value of this is decided by the surrounding code rather than being set by the caller;
  • Implicitly return the result of an expression;

Traditional Functions:

  • Offer more control and flexibility, but their syntax is more verbose.
  • Require the return of a value with an explicit return statement.
  • Have a dynamic this context, which means that the caller chooses the value of this.

Example 1:

of an arrow function:

const add = (a, b) => a + b;
console.log(add(1, 2));
// Output: 3

of a traditional function:

function add(a, b) {
return a + b;
console.log(add(1, 2));
// Output: 3

When building a web app, both arrow functions and traditional functions can be used.

Example 2:

For example, in an event listener for a button click, you might use an arrow function to handle the click event:

const button = document.querySelector('button');
button.addEventListener('click', () => {
console.log('Button was clicked!');

On the other hand, you might use a traditional function to define a utility function that's used throughout your app:

function formatDate(date) {
return date.toLocaleDateString();
console.log(formatDate(new Date()));
// Output: "2/6/2023" (or similar, depending on the locale)

Transforming traditional functions into arrow functions

Here are three examples of transforming traditional functions into arrow functions:

Example 1:

// Traditional function
function multiplyByTwo(num) {
  return num * 2;

// Arrow function equivalent
const multiplyByTwo = num => num * 2;

Example 2:

// Traditional function
function concatenateStrings(str1, str2) {
  return str1 + str2;

// Arrow function equivalent
const concatenateStrings = (str1, str2) => str1 + str2;

Example 3:

// Traditional function
function sayHello(name) {
  return "Hello " + name;

// Arrow function equivalent
const sayHello = name => "Hello " + name;